Local, high-performance and cloud computing must fulfil appropriate security standards to provide processing capacities for human data coordinated in 1+MG. Distinct processing events happen on the infrastructure: Localisation of the data and code to the appropriate platform (local or distributed) and data analysis by the individual data user who has acquired the access rights for the intended data use.
Workflow Recommended & Task Execution Service Recommended (WES & TES)
The GA4GH Workflow Execution Service (WES) standard specifies how complex analytic pipelines can be specified in a standardised way to allow these pipelines to run in different locations, for example at different federated node: an important requirement in allowing users to send the analysis to the data rather than bring the data to the analysis which helps to ensure the data remains secure and conforms to the ELSI issues that apply to it. The Task Execution Service (TES) allows analysis pipelines to run on a wide range of heterogeneous infrastructure. For example, a user may wish to run the same variant calling pipeline on data hosted at three different nodes, but the compute infrastructure used by these nodes is different. While WES allows the pipeline to be specified in a standardised way, TES ensures that the task required to run the pipeline can be executed on different types of compute infrastructure, such as different high performance computing (HPC) orCloud environments. WES and TES together ensure that identical, repeatable, and consistent analysis can be run on different federated nodes irrespective of the underlying compute infrastructure.
Tool Registry Service (TRS) Recommended
Researchers use genomics tools and workflows to conduct analyses in cloud computing environments. Tools and workflows, however, are often developed for a specific environment and are stored in a registry that services only associated platforms. Since each registry requires the tools and workflows it stores to meet a unique set of criteria, the contents of one registry are not guaranteed to work across multiple cloud environments. This lack of interoperability slows research and limits the variety of analyses that researchers can perform. Developed by the GA4GH Cloud Work Stream, the Tool Registry Service (TRS) API provides a standard mechanism to list, search, and register tools and workflows across multiple registries.
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